Root Bark, Cut And Sifted, 3 Gr (SKU 4284)
Sananga rootbark, cut and sifted, sourced from the Katukina tribe. Suitable for making your own infusion. 1 gram of this material makes about 10 ml infusion.
Packed in 10 ml clear plastic bottles containing 3 gram.
Sananga is produced from the roots and bark of Tabernaemontana undulata (Vahl), a member of the Apocynaceae family. T.undulata is found in Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guyana, Guyana Francesa, Panamá, Perú, Surinam, Trinidad y Tobago, Venezuela (Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute).
Tabernaemonta L. is one of the largest genera in subfamily Rauvolfioideae, with about 110 species distributed throughout the tropics. In Brazil, there are 30 recognized species of the genus, of which 9 are endemic (1). Most species of Tabernaemontana are trees or treelets at the forest understory, with a few species growing as shrubs or trees in open formations such as savannahs and rocky outcrops. The most diagnostic features of the genus are the tubular, whitish flowers with the lobes inflexed in bud, and follicular fruits with the seeds partially or entirely surrounded by a yellowish to reddish aril. (2)
The Kaxinawa tribe of Acre Brazil use a similar species in the same genus - T.sanaho (Ruiz & Paz) to make their Sananga. It is not well understood if other species have or are used and whether the same distinctions made by botanists are observed by native peoples.
Synonyms & common names
There has been much taxonomical confusion over this species and other genera in Apocynaceae with the following species now considered synonymous with T.undulata:
Anacampta albescens (Rusby) Mrkgr; Anartia meyeri (G. Don) Miers; Bonafousia obliqua Miers; Bonafousia perrottetii (A. DC.) Miers; Bonafousia undulata (Vahl) A. DC. ; Bonafousia undulata var. ovalifolia Miers; Echites brasiliensis Thunb. ; Peschiera surinamensis Miq. ; Stemmadenia nervosa Standl. & L.O. Williams; Tabernaemontana albescens Rusby ; Tabernaemontana meyeri G. Don ; Tabernaemontana meyeri G. Don ; Tabernaemontana perrottetii A. DC.(tropicos.org)
Sananga is also know as ‘Bechette (pronounced B’-chew-teh) by the Mati & Matses. The Kaxinawa call it ‘Mana heins’(T.sanaho)
(1)Koch. I et al 2015
(2)Marinho et al 2016