Organic, Beans, Powder, 1000 Gr from Ghana (SKU 4480)
Nutritional Value Per 100g: Energy 1465KJ / 352kcal; Protein 27g; Fat 11g; Of which saturated fat 6,7g; Carbohydrates 21g; Of which sugars 0,6g; Fibre 31g; Sodium and/or Salt <0,1g
Allergen Statement: We hereby certify that Cacao powder we sell does not contain any substances causing allergies or intolerances as ingredients or by possibility of cross contamination. The list of allergens which are likely to cause adverse reactions in susceptible individuals is provided in Annex IIIa of Directive 2007/68/EC. Please note that this statement is based on the information provided by the manufacturer of the product.
Family: Sterculiaceae (Cacao family)
Chocolate is a natural product made from the bean of the cacao tree Theobroma cacao. The seeds are dried and roasted and then processed to form Cocoa, the basic ingredient in Chocolate and Chocolate products. When boiled in milk, or milk and water, it is much used as an occasional substitute for Coffee (Coffea arabica), and for a drink at meals.
For some people, the lure of chocolate can be overwhelming. Cocoa contains certain chemicals and sensory properties that make the product very appealing. Cocoa contains theobromine (a chemical related to caffeine). The sugar in chocolate releases serotonin (a brain chemical related to a positive sense of well-being). The smooth, rich taste of chocolate provides sensory pleasure to the taste buds.
Chocolate is the most craved food among females. The motivation for chocolate preference seems to be primarily, if not entirely, sensory. Liking for Chocolate correlates significantly with liking for sweets and white Chocolate. The liking for the sensory properties could originate in innate or acquired liking based on the sweetness, texture and aroma of Chocolate, or it could be based in part on interactions between the postingestional effects of Chocolate and a person's state (e.g., mood, hormone levels). Based on correlational data, we find little evidence for a relation between addiction to Chocolate or the pharmacological (e.g., xanthine-based) effects of Chocolate and the liking for Chocolate.
The celebrated Italian libertine Giacomo Casanova (1725-1798) took Chocolate before bedding his conquests. This was on account of Chocolate's reputation as a subtle aphrodisiac.
Perhaps chocolate's key ingredient is its phenylethylamine "love-chemical". Yet the role of the "Chocolate amphetamine" is disputed. Most if not all Chocolate-derived phenylethylamine is metabolised before it reaches the central nervous system.
Some people may be sensitive to its effects in very small quantities. Like other palatable sweet foods, consumption of Chocolate causes the release of endorphins, the body's endogenous opiates. Enhanced endorphin-release reduces the Chocolate-eater's sensitivity to pain. Endorphins probably contribute to the warm inner glow induced in susceptible chocaholics.
Chocolate is one of Mexico's gifts to the world. It proved popular in Europe after the return of the Spaniards. So popular, in fact that ecclesiastical authorities frowned upon Chocolate drinking as immoral and provocative of immorality; finally a Papal Bull was issued prohibiting the faithful from drinking it on the grounds that it was an aphrodisiac.
Other names: Chocolate, Cacao. According to Webster's New World Dictionary the proper spelling for the tree is Cacao (c-a-c-a-o). Cocoa (c-o-c-o-a) refers to products made from the tree's beans, especially the ground Cocoa powder.
Cacao was named Theobroma by Linnaeus, which literally translates as "Cocoa, food of the Gods". The Aztecs, Mayas and Toltecs believed that the cocoa tree was indeed a gift from the Gods. The word Cacao is derived from Olmec and the subsequent Mayan languages (Kakaw); the chocolate-related term Cacahuatl is Nahuatl (Aztec language), derived from Olmec/Mayan etymology, meaning "bitter water".
Cacao beans were used by the Aztecs to prepare to a hot, frothy beverage with stimulant and restorative properties. Chocolate itself was reserved for warriors, nobility and priests. The Aztecs esteemed its reputed ability to confer wisdom and vitality. Taken fermented as a drink, chocolate was also used in religious ceremonies. The sacred concoction was associated with Xochiquetzal, the goddess of fertility. Emperor Montezuma (1502-1520) allegedly drank 50 goblets a day. Aztec taxation was levied in Cacao beans. 100 Cacao beans could buy a slave. 12 Cacao beans bought the services of courtesan.
"The divine drink, which builds up resistance and fights fatigue. A cup of this precious drink cocoa permits a man to walk for a whole day without food." - Montezuma II. Legend has it that Montezuma II was the first to discover Chocolate ice and sent his runners to the heights of the volcano to bring back blocks of snow over which thick chocolate was poured, whipped, and served as chilled froth. When the ambassadors of Cortes encountered the Aztec Emperor, he was at the breakfast table shielded by a rich screen. Servants were filing by in endless procession with tempting delicacies. The most frequent (and most favoured) offering was a steaming aromatic drink named "Cacahuatl". This beverage was made from water and Cacao seeds - so valuable that they were used as currency in parts of Mexico and so costly that only royalty could afford them.
The finest chocolate confectionery, containing pure Chocolate liquor, with its remarkable nutritional constituents, is also the most nourishing; in the South African War and World Wars I and II, solid Chocolate was issued as standard rations for the troops and given by Queen Victoria as a Christmas gift to all her fighting men.
The first Chocolate factory in the United States opened in 1765 in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1805, Conrad Van Houten, a Dutch chemist, invented a Cacao press that created confections of Cocoa butter and sugar. In 1876, Daniel Peter, a Swiss candymaker, developed milk Chocolate by adding condensed milk to Chocolate liquor, giving it a smoother texture through a process called conching (referring to the shape of the mixing vats).
The medicinal use of cacao, or chocolate, both as a primary remedy and as a vehicle to deliver other medicines, originated in the New World and diffused to Europe in the mid 1500s. These practices originated among the Olmec, Maya and Mexica (Aztec).
Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is a small evergreen tree, native to southern Mexico, Guatemala and Belize.
Cocoa beans are found in the fruit, or pods, of the Cacao trees; each nine-inch pod contains 20 to 50 beans. When seeds are ripe they rattle in the capsule when shaken; if separated from the capsule they soon become infertile, but if kept therein they retain their fertility for a long time.
Produced by organic growers in Peru, Cacao beans contain more antioxidants than red wine and 3 times more than green tea, Cacao beans embody a rich source of minerals.
After cleaning the dried beans in natural water, they are peeled and their core extracted to be broken into “nibs”. These are ground into Cacao paste. The fat from the paste is extracted from the solid part and the residue dried and finely ground into Cacao powder. Cacao powder contains less fat and more fibre than the beans. The production process preserves a significant proportion of the nutritional value of the beans without any additives.
Cocoa beans contain about 2% theobromine, small amounts of caffeine, flavanoids, phenethylamine, vitamins (A, B1, B2, B3, C, E and pantothenic acid) and minarls (megnesium, calcium, iron, zinc, copper, potassium, manganese). Cocoa beans contain approximately 50% fat, primarily comprised of two saturated fatty acids, palmitic and stearic acids, and the mono unsaturated oleic acid.
Chocolate is also said to contain the chemical phenylethylamine, a natural amphetamine found in the human brain, which induces a feeling of euphoria. Phenylethylamine is an endogenous neuroamine which increases attention and activity. It is a naturally occurring trace amine in the brain. It releases mesolimbic dopamine in the pleasure-centres. It peaks during orgasm. Taken in unnaturally high doses, phenylethylamine can produce stereotyped behaviour more prominently even than amphetamine. Phenylethylamine has distinct binding sites but no specific neurons. It helps mediate feelings of attraction, excitement, giddiness, apprehension and euphoria.
Although addictive behavior is generally associated with drug and alcohol abuse or compulsive sexual activity, Chocolate may evoke similar psychopharmacologic and behavioral reactions in susceptible persons.
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