Paullinia cupana (Guarana)

Raw, Organic, Beans, Powder, 100 Gr from Brazil (SKU 4476)

Nutritional Value Per 100g: Energy 1443KJ / 344kcal; Protein 15g; Fat 2,9g; Of which saturated fat 0,6g; Carbohydrates 51g; Of which sugars 2,4g; Fibre 28g; DO NOT Exceed a daily intake of 2 Grams.

Allergen Statement: We hereby certify that Guarana powder we sell does not contain any substances causing allergies or intolerances as ingredients or by possibility of cross contamination. The list of allergens which are likely to cause adverse reactions in susceptible individuals is provided in Annex IIIa of Directive 2007/68/EC. Please note that this statement is based on the information provided by the manufacturer of the product.

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Variety

raw, organic

Part

beans

Form

powder

Weight

100 gr

Qty

max: 5


Family: Sapindaceae (Soapberry family)

Paullinia cupana is a climbing shrub that grows wild in the Amazon regions of Brazil and Uruguay, where it was first used by the Quaramis, a native South American Tribe. Its main function was as a refreshing beverage. Guarana has been used for hundreds of years by Brazilian Indians as a general tonic for the body and as a source of energy. Studies[4] have shown that Guarana helps to reduce mental fatigue and contributes to the body's resistance to stress.

Guarana has the same chemical composition as caffeine, theine and cocaine, and the same physiological action. It is an excellent mood elevator, increases mental alertness and stamina, slightly narcotic stimulant, aphrodisiac. A general tonic for well-being of the body. It affects fatigue in the nervous and muscle systems, enhances athletic reaction time and recovery.

It is a gentle excitant and serviceable where the brain is irritated or depressed by mental exertion, or where there is fatigue or exhaustion from hot weather.

Other names: Guaraná

The uses of this plant by the Amerindians predates the discovery of Brazil. South American Indian tribes (especially the Guaranis, from whence the plant's name is derived) dry and roast the seeds and mix them into a paste with water. They then use it much the same way as Chocolate (Theobroma cacao) to prepare various foods, drinks, and medicines. According to a myth dating back to the Sateré-Maué tribe, guarana's domestication originated with a deity killing a beloved village child. In order to console the villagers, a more benevolent god plucked the left eye from the child and planted it in the forest, resulting in the wild variety of Guarana. The god then plucked the right eye from the child and planted it in the village, giving rise to domesticated Guarana.

The Guarana fruit is harvested when ripe, after turning a bright red or yellow. The gathered fruit yields a small round black seed which is crushed to form a paste containing 10% guaranine (caffeine). Natives in the Amazon Basin carry long rods of hardened Guarana powder and grate it whenever they need a substitute for food. They can travel for two to three days if they have this rod to nibble on. A beverage is made from the Guarana sticks, by grating half a tablespoonful into sugar and water and drinking it like tea.

Over centuries the many benefits of Guarana have been passed on to explorers and settlers. This plant was introduced to western civilization in the 17th century following its discovery by Father Felip Betendorf. By 1958, Guarana was commercialized. Eighty percent of the world's commercial production of Guaraná paste is in the middle of the Amazon rainforest in northern Brazil - still performed by the Guarani Indians, who wild-harvest the seeds and process them into paste by hand.[1][2]

Guarana is packed with antioxidants and large amounts of Guaranine which acts as a natural alternative to caffeine. The Guarana seeds are carefully extracted by hand for the highest quality, cleaned in natural water and dried. The dried Guarana seeds are ground into powder in their raw state. This preserves their nutritional value.  

Paullinia Cupana belongs to the Sapindaceae (Soapberry family). It is a climbing, shrubby vine, growing in moist, sandy locations. The flexible stem is very long, and takes root readily wherever it touches the ground, so that a single plant often extends over considerable space. In the wild state the vine attaches itself to large trees, and the fruit is difficult to collect, and of small yield.

Most modern commercial Guarana is grown on government plantations where the highest quality plants are harvested.

Guarana seeds contain caffeine 0.9%-7.6% (called guaranine by the german botanist Theodore von Martius who isolated it). They also contain adenine, catechutannic-acid, choline, D-catechin, guanine, hypoxanthine, mucilage, saponin, Starch, tannin, theobromine, theophylline, timbonine, xanthine.[2]

Contraindicated in cases of constipation or high blood pressure. Be careful if you use it with other stimulants in large amounts.

DO NOT Exceed a daily intake of 2 Grams.

As with any caffeine containing product, guaraná may cause insomnia, trembling, anxiety, palpitations, urinary frequency, and hyperactivity in too high doses. Guaraná should be avoided during pregnancy and lactation.

[1] Guaraná, Raintree Plant Database
[2] Guarana, Wikipedia
[3] Guarana (U. S. P.)—Guarana. King's American Dispensatory
[4] Document: NL E4-0-C-REF, Netherlands Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport

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